Tucson is nestled in the valley between the Santa Catalina, Tucson, and Rincon Mountains. Paleoindian and Archaic hunters passed through as early as 10,000 B.C., but Tucson wasn't inhabited until the Hohokam set up camp between 200 and 1450. Tucson's founding father, Hugo O'Conor, established military fort Tucson Presido in 1775. The city fell to Mexico in 1821, but was claimed by the United States after the Gadsden Purchase of 1854. Tucson's population began to grow in 1880, when the Southern Railroad reached the city. Today it is the 33rd most populous city in the United States.
Locals enjoy affordable groceries, utilities, transport and medical expenses, with a cost of living 4 percent below the national average. The median household income is $44,544, which helps families afford the median home price of $169,300.
Tucson Job Opportunities
The Davis-Monthan Air Force Base and U.S. Army Intelligence Center have led to the development of several high-tech industries –including many government contractors – for Tucson jobs. Raytheon Missile Systems is the largest provider of Tucson, AZ jobs. Additional engineering, biotech, and IT jobs in Tucson are available at leading local businesses like Texas Instruments, IBM, Universal Avionics, and Sunquest Information Systems. The nearby Oro Valley also has many biotech roles in its Innovation Park. Professionals with an interest in optics and optoelectronics systems may enjoy the challenge of working at one of Tucson's 150 companies involved in these cutting-edge areas.
The University of Arizona is the second largest provider of jobs in Tucson, AZ, and the second-largest university in the state. Professors and administrators can also find education jobs in Tucson at one of Pima Community Colleges' 10 local campuses. The schools of the Tucson Unified School District have the second-highest enrolment in Arizona. Specialty educators may enjoy working at one of the local charter schools, which operate with more customized curricula. These include the Academy of Math and Science, its sister school Math and Science Success Academy, and Compass High School, which specializes in vocational and arts training.
Tucson Employment Trends
Tucson has experienced modest job growth of 0.7 percent recently, but forecasters expect that opportunities for Tucson jobs will grow by 2.5 percent in the coming years.
Unemployment in Tucson is on a par with the national average of 6.3 percent. Local unemployment rates have dropped steadily since 2011, when they sat at 11.4 percent. This rapid turnaround suggests a bright future for Tucson.