Civil engineers design, construct, and supervise construction projects and systems. Their projects may include buildings, roads, airports, bridges, or water supply systems. Construction engineers manage building projects and ensure that safety requirements are met. Structural engineers ensure the strength and durability of significant projects like buildings and bridges. Civil engineers' duties may include several tasks:
Analysis of survey reports and maps for planning purposes
Ensure compliance with federal and state regulations
Consideration of construction costs and environmental hazards
Using software programs to design systems prior to construction
Testing materials to be used in construction projects
Management of infrastructure repair and maintenance
Presenting research, statements, and information in public forums
Civil Engineer Job Education Requirements
Civil engineers must obtain a bachelor's degree in civil engineering or in a related field. This coursework typically includes math, statistics, and systems. These programs generally balance coursework with fieldwork, and skills in leadership, decision making, problem solving, and organization are also beneficial. Civil engineers must also be licensed with the appropriate certifications, which include passing the Fundamentals of Engineering Examination and fulfilling other requirements specific to the field. In order to be promoted to higher level and managerial positions, civil engineers will also need a Professional Engineering license and a master's degree.
Civil Engineer Job Market
Civil engineer jobs are projected to grow about 20 percent through 2022, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This is faster than average for all jobs, which points to positive growth for civil engineers. There are a few reasons for this. Experts in this field will continue to be in demand as our current infrastructure ages and demands repair and rebuilding. As the population in the United States continues to explore, more and more civil engineers will be required in order to maintain and improve the country's water system as well as to develop renewable energy projects.
Civil Engineer Job Salary Information
The average salary for civil engineers is about $79,000 per year, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Some of the more lucrative industries for civil engineers include federal and local government, architectural and engineering services, and building construction. Civil engineers within the federal government earn an average of $89,000 per year, which is at the high end of the range. A diverse field with myriad applications, civil engineering has plenty of room for growth in a wide variety of specialties.