Criminologists consider social and psychological concerns and criminal backgrounds in order to determine why criminals commit crimes. They may research local crime data, report to crime scenes, view autopsies, determine if there were any situations or motives that led to the crime being committed, and create profiles for various types of criminals. They're also generally required to write reports on their findings. The data they accumulate is then used to help law enforcement apprehend criminals and better understand their reasons for committing crime. This often means testifying in court in addition to advising police departments and government agencies.
Criminology Job Education Requirements
Criminologists must identify and analyze criminal patterns, so they should major in psychology, sociology, or criminology in college to help them to better understand human nature. Other degrees worth pursuing include history and criminal justice. Entry-level positions are available for aspiring criminologists with bachelor's degrees, but most go on to pursue a graduate degree in behavioral science or a similar field.
Criminology Job Market
The Bureau of Labor Statistics doesn't keep specific information related to criminology, but it does offer statistics on sociology. Sociologists of all specializations should see a 15-percent increase in job opportunities through 2022. Criminologists will always be in demand as their job entails working with criminals, so they should be able to find employment in a variety of fields. These can include state and local law enforcement or even the FBI.
Criminology Job Salary Information
Nationwide, sociologists earn an average of $72,430 annually. While criminologists fall under that umbrella, it's more likely that they earn closer to $46,000 a year, although this statistic was based on a small sample of individuals. The top 10 percent of sociologists earn over $127,000 per year. Similar jobs with competitive pay include lawyers, forensic psychologists, and criminal justice professors.