Maritime security jobs performed by private companies and the Coast Guard often focus on issues such as vessel security, port security, and facility security. Facilities can include storage facilities, container terminals, and terminals for passenger vessels. Specialists working in the field may concentrate on a specific type of security, or they may develop comprehensive plans that coordinate security at multiple levels.
Common job duties for those working in maritime security include:
Assessing security risks
Preventing sabotage and piracy
Implementing maritime security plans
Patrolling ports and facilities
Recognizing and preventing acts of terrorism
Creating safe environments for passengers and workers
Candidates who enjoy working with security teams to protect boats, ports, oil refineries, and other facilities may want to pursue careers as maritime security professionals.
Maritime Security Job Education Requirements
Since private agencies can hire maritime security workers, education requirements vary from company to company. Most employers, including the Coast Guard, require a high school diploma or its equivalent. Most also require some level of maritime security training. While some colleges offer classes in maritime security, job candidates often receive their training through the Coast Guard, Department of Transportation's Maritime Administration, or a private agency.
Training typically includes classes in subjects such as:
Restricting access to sensitive areas
Maritime Security Job Market
Increased international trade and threats from terrorist or piracy groups mean that maritime security specialists are in demand. Some experts believe that the maritime security job market will grow by 8.4 percent between 2014 and 2019. The Bureau of Labor Statistics, however, does not address growth in this specific area. Projections, therefore, are based on independent research.
Those interested in pursuing related careers may want to consider working as police officers or armed security officers. Successful candidates may need to complete additional training to qualify for these positions. Experience in maritime security, however, often equips candidates with basic skills and information needed to pass exams that lead to other jobs in security and police work.
Maritime Security Job Salary Information
Maritime security officers working in the United States, or for organizations operated from the U.S., earn an average of $43,000 per year. An officer's compensation often varies according to experience in the field, the potential dangers associated with certain jobs, and whether he or she works in the private or government sector. Those who specialize in certain areas of maritime security or team management often earn higher incomes than those who provide general security services.