School jobs include not only opportunities for teachers but also positions for librarians, principals and a variety of other administrative support staff. Together, school employees manage school operations, activities, curriculum, teachers and students.
Principals serve as the head of a school and maintain responsibility for administration, operations, faculty, staff and students. Typical duties include:
Establishing class schedules
Meeting with both parents and teachers to discuss students' progress
Assessing student achievement and preparing related reports on test scores
Arranging professional development programs for teachers and administrative staff
Teachers are directly responsible for educating students and preparing them for advanced curriculum. Typical duties for teachers include:
Planning and teaching lessons to students
Assessing students' progress and assigning grades
Preparing students for standardized testing, as determined by the state
Communicating students' progress, achievements, and problems to parents
School Job Education Requirements
School principals are usually required to have a master's degree in education administration or education leadership, which prepares candidates to manage staff, set school goals, and work with parents effectively. Most states require that principals obtain a school administrator license, and some also demand continuing education courses. Many principals also have work experience as teachers or as assistant principals.
In all states, teachers are required to have at least a bachelor's degree. Some states demand that teachers also focus on an area of content, which may be science, math, language arts, or other options. Public school teachers must also obtain a license in the state where they are employed, while private school teachers may not require a license. Teachers who require a license may need to complete professional development courses in order to maintain licensure.
School Job Market
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects 6 percent job growth for school principals, which is slower than average for all occupations. Though overall student enrollment is expected to increase at schools around the country, employment of principals is largely dependent on state and local government budgets. The highest job growth for principals is expected in the south and west, while steady job openings are expected in the Midwest.
The BLS projects 12 percent job growth for elementary and middle school teachers and 6 percent job growth for high school teachers through 2022. Higher enrollment is expected in elementary and middle schools, leading to average growth for teaching positions at these grade levels. Enrollment in high schools is expected to be lower over the next decade, leading to slower job growth for high school teachers.
School Job Salary Information
An average annual salary for school principals is about $88,000, according to the BLS. Average pay for elementary, middle, and high school teachers is between $50,000 and $55,000. Principals typically work year-round, while teachers generally work for 10 months each year, with a 2-month summer break.