The exact hours covered by second shift workers vary by industry and company. Second shift is typically defined as an evening work period that ends at or near midnight. This is followed by third shift, which can begin around midnight and last until the early hours of the morning. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) defines evening shifts as work hours between 2 p.m. and midnight, and night shifts as anything between 9 p.m. and 8 a.m.
Second Shift Job Education Requirements
The necessary education and experience required for second shift jobs varies greatly depending on the industry. Many nurses work second shift, with an increasing number performing 12-hour shifts in a three-day work week. This job requires extensive education and the proper medical licensure. On the other end of the spectrum are retail and restaurant workers staffing 24-hour locations. These positions require only minimal education, and some are available to job seekers lacking a high school education.
Second Shift Job Market
When BLS data was last gathered on shift work in 2004, about 18 percent of wage and salary workers had an evening or night shift. Of the 22 million people working these shirts, 8.4 million had evening hours, and 3.8 million worked a night shift. Shift work is more prevalent in some industries than others. Health care, industrial production, security, and law enforcement companies all have a greater need for shift workers.
Second Shift Job Salary Information
The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not require employers to compensate second shift workers any differently than day workers. However, nonexempt workers who work more than 40 hours in a single work week must receive no less than time and one-half the regular pay rate for each hour over 40. Some companies will provide extra pay for employees working night shifts.