More Men Report Sexual Harassment at Work
By Robert DiGiacomo, for Yahoo! HotJobs
Defying assumptions about sexual harassment in the workplace, a record percentage of men reported being harassed by male colleagues in 2010, according to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Sexual harassment cases filed by men made up 16.4 percent of the 11,717 sexual harassment charges in fiscal year 2010, compared to about 8 percent in 1990, according to the EEOC.
New Realities in the Workplace
"There's no question this is not only a growing category of claims, but also a large societal problem of which we are just starting to see the tip of the iceberg," says Riki Wilchins, who served as executive director of the Gender Public Advocacy Coalition, a Washington, DC, nonprofit.
Although the statistics don't reveal whether the alleged harassers of men also are male, they typically are -- it's rare for a man to file charges against a female coworker or supervisor, says EEOC spokesman David Grinberg.
It's also unlikely that interactions in the workplace between men have become more hostile over the past 15 years.
What's changed, though, is recognition by the legal system of male-on-male harassment, via a landmark 1998 Supreme Court ruling. The high court found in Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services that same-sex sexual harassment is a form of discrimination protected under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
An Unwritten Code Changes
"This kind of harassment has always taken place in the workplace," Wilchins says. "But the kind of abrasive, sexualized horseplay that might have been acceptable 10 years ago is actionable today. More males realize they don't have to take it -- they can file suit."
While harassment based on sexual orientation is not protected by federal law, it's important to note that in gender-based harassment, the aggressors -- and their victims -- are likely straight.
"We assume that the vast majority of the cases are not individuals who are necessarily gay or transgender, but they're in situations where there are these abrasive codes of masculinity to which men are expected to live up to," Wilchins says.
Know the Signs
What constitutes sexual harassment? According to the EEOC, it happens when submitting to or rejecting "unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature" affects your job; disrupts your work performance; or leads to an "intimidating, hostile or offensive" workplace.
In the case of men harassing other men, these unwelcome behaviors could range from the use of feminine pronouns and sexual taunts, to simulated sex acts and threats of a sexually aggressive nature, according to GenderPAC, which closed its doors in mid-2009 after 15 years
What You Can Do
What can you do if you believe you're a victim? The EEOC recommends you first follow internal company complaint procedures.
The agency will investigate, and if it finds evidence to support your claim, will attempt to mediate the case. If necessary, the EEOC will file a lawsuit on your behalf.
You can also find more resources on this topic from these agencies: