Sample Phlebotomist Interview Questions and Answers

Prepare yourself with assertive responses about properly drawing blood, preventing hematomas, and heartening patients.

Sample Phlebotomist Interview Questions and Answers

Ace your phlebotomist interview questions.

Phlebotomists play a vital role in the healthcare system by collecting blood samples for medical tests and donations. For job seekers who are interested in going into healthcare, phlebotomy jobs are a great way to launch a long-term career. In fact, phlebotomy is one of the most popular careers in healthcare and has a 17% job-growth rate, which is much faster than average. But before you're hired, you'll need to nail your interview. Hospitals, labs, nursing homes, and mobile clinics will ask an aspiring phlebotomist interview questions to get an understanding of their communication and people skills, dexterity, hand-eye coordination, and methods for tracking vials and managing databases.

Ready to start? Review our list of typical phlebotomy interview questions and answers to ensure you're fully prepared for your job interview.

Phlebotomist Interview Questions

  1. What Made You Choose a Phlebotomy Career?
  2. What Are the Essential Duties of a Phlebotomist?
  3. How Do You Avoid Hematomas When Drawing Blood?
  4. How Do You Handle a Problematic Blood Draw?
  5. How Do You React If a Patient Isn't Feeling Well During a Blood Draw?

Question #1: What Made You Choose a Phlebotomy Career?

Not everyone wants to (or even can) be around blood every workday, so any set of phlebotomist interview questions will include a question about why you want to work in this career. The key here is to discuss your interest in the field—to show that you made a conscious decision to work in an environment that other people may find uncomfortable. So, before responding, think about:

  • What motivated you to enter this field?
  • Can you effectively work in this kind of setting?

How You Could Answer

"I was a strange kid because I actually liked going to the doctor. I was just fascinated by all the equipment and the staff. And I've always had respect for phlebotomists who could do a venipuncture as seamlessly as possible. Plus, unlike some of my friends, I was never bothered by blood or needles. So even if there may be challenges, like when you can't find the right vein or if a patient has a skin condition, this career felt like a natural choice. I also love interacting with patients—and reassuring them both before and after each draw."

Question #2: What Are the Essential Duties of a Phlebotomist?

Becoming a phlebotomy technician requires a high school diploma (or GED) and four-to-eight months of training, including the completion of a certification exam. Employers will want to know what you learned in your training. Make sure to consider:

  • What are your main responsibilities?
  • How do you stay organized?

How You Could Answer

"Phlebotomists have three main duties: Collecting blood from patients for testing or donations, labeling our specimens and safely transporting them to the lab, and communicating with patients, families, and healthcare staff. It's critical to remain organized throughout the day to avoid mislabeling, misplacing, or contaminating blood samples. So, in addition to any logging or scheduling software my employer may need me to use, I keep a notebook to refer to every hour."

Question #3: How Do You Avoid Hematomas When Drawing Blood?

A hematoma occurs after blood leaks out from the vein and becomes clotted. You may see blue or purple discoloration at the puncture site. And while it isn't life-threatening, it may make some patients concerned or even panicked. One of the most common phlebotomist interview questions will ask you about what techniques you use to prevent hematomas. Here's what to think about before you answer:

  • What is the proper technique for drawing blood?
  • How do you treat a hematoma?

How You Could Answer

"When doing blood draws, I feel a strong responsibility to not cause any pain or discomfort to the patient. For every draw, I do my best to never stab the far-vein wall, and I always remove the cuff or tourniquet before pulling out the needle. I also try not to rush and find the best possible vein before starting. But if I do see a hematoma forming, I'll take action instantly by applying pressure at the site for three minutes, and then I'll put on a bandage and inform the patient to keep it on for at least a half-hour. If they're worried, I'll talk them through what's happening and make sure they know that everything will be OK."

Question #4: How Do You Handle a Problematic Blood Draw?

Some blood draws are more difficult than others. Some patients only have small, rolling, or constricted veins—all of which can make it hard to draw blood and more painful for the patient. When answering phlebotomist interview questions in this vein, think about:

  • What can make a blood draw more difficult?
  • What do you do if you still can't draw blood?

How You Could Answer

"I'll first check if the patient is dehydrated and give them water. Dehydration can cause veins to collapse. I'll also ask if they're fasting or if they smoke. I'll apply a warm compress if our protocol allows us to. I'll then try finding a median cubital vein again. If that doesn't work, I'll try locating a cephalic vein. I may do a couple more attempts with other techniques, such as looking for deeper veins or anchoring a rolling vein. Otherwise, I'll consult with my supervisor, or with the doctor, if available."

Question #5: How Do You React If a Patient Isn't Feeling Well During a Blood Draw?

Phlebotomist interview questions may ask you about the medical knowledge you've gathered during your training, especially as it relates to patient safety. You may get someone who comes in without having eaten all day. Other patients may feel particularly nervous about getting their blood drawn. And others may have an underlying medical issue. So, before answering this question, you should brush up on:

  • What factors can lead to negative patient outcomes?
  • What symptoms do you look for?

How You Could Answer

"It depends on the patient's condition. If they start sweating or turning pale—and they were sitting during the draw—I'd remove the needle, wrap the area, and tell them to lean over and place their head in their knees. If they were lying down, I'd have them raise their knees, and I'd tilt back the bed a bit to push blood circulation to the head. I'd tell them to relax, monitor their pulse, and get them water and food if they hadn't eaten. If they don't seem to be getting better or if more serious symptoms appear, I'd immediately call the doctor or 911."

Ready to Flow Into Your Phlebotomy Career?

Now that you've studied our list of phlebotomist interview questions, you can create a profile on Monster to start applying to phlebotomy jobs in your area. Not only will we send you the most relevant job alerts—we'll also provide vital career tips every step of the way.